Working On Indigenous Land for Mining and Exploration


Mining and exploration activities on Indigenous lands are complex, as they involve environmental, economic, and social considerations and cultural and legal dimensions. 

Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination, which includes the right to participate in decision-making processes that affect their territories, resources, and ways of life. Therefore, any mining or exploration project on Indigenous lands must respect the communities’ rights, interests, and values. 

Here are some guidelines for working on Indigenous land for mining and exploration:

Consultation and Consent

    Consultation and consent are essential to any mining or exploration project on Indigenous lands. The company must consult with the Indigenous community, including its leaders and representatives, to identify their concerns and interests regarding the project. 

    The consultation must be respectful, meaningful, and conducted in good faith. Additionally, the Indigenous community must have access to all relevant information, including the potential impacts of the project on their lands, resources, and ways of life. 

    The company must obtain the Indigenous community’s free, prior, and informed consent before proceeding with the project. This means that the Indigenous community must have the legal right to say yes or no to the project and be fully informed of the potential consequences of either decision. The consent must be obtained through a culturally appropriate, transparent, and inclusive process. 

    Environmental Impact Assessment 

      Mining and exploration activities can have significant environmental impacts, including land disturbance, water pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, the company must conduct an assessment to identify, predict, and evaluate the project’s environmental effects. The evaluation must be completed in consultation with the Indigenous community and consider their traditional ecological knowledge and perspectives. 

      The evaluation must identify measures to mitigate or avoid significant environmental impacts, including restoring damaged lands and protecting biodiversity and cultural heritage sites. 

      Moreover, the company must also develop a plan to implement the mitigation measures and monitor the project’s environmental performance. This whole plan must be cultivated in consultation with the Indigenous community and reviewed and updated regularly.

      Community Development 

        Mining and exploration projects can benefit Indigenous communities economically, including employment, business opportunities, and infrastructure development. However, the benefits must be shared fairly and equitably, and the negative impacts must be minimized. 

        The company must develop a community development plan in consultation with the Indigenous community to identify their development priorities and needs. 

        This plan must include measures to:

        • Provide employment and training for Indigenous people.
        • Support local businesses and suppliers.
        • Invest in infrastructure development, such as roads, schools, and health facilities.
        • Protect and promote Indigenous cultural heritage and language.
        • Provide compensation and benefits for the use of Indigenous lands and resources.

        The company must also establish a grievance mechanism to address any concerns or complaints from the Indigenous community regarding the project’s social and economic impacts.

        Respect for Indigenous Rights and Culture 

          Mining and exploration activities must respect the Indigenous community’s rights, interests, and values. This includes respecting their traditional knowledge and practices, protecting their cultural heritage sites, and avoiding activities that may hurt their spiritual or cultural traditions. 

          The company must also establish protocols for working with the Indigenous community, including using traditional ecological knowledge, Indigenous peoples’ participation in the project’s monitoring and management, and recognizing Indigenous rights to land and resources. 


          Working on Indigenous land for mining and exploration requires a culturally sensitive and socially responsible approach that respects Indigenous rights, interests, and values. By working collaboratively with Indigenous communities, mining and exploration companies can create mutually beneficial partnerships that respect the environment, support economic development, and promote social and cultural well-being.

          An innovative entrepreneur, Janet Sheriff’s innovative approach to entrepreneurship and extensive experience in strategic planning, management, Indigenous affairs, and communications make her an invaluable asset to start-ups, new ventures, and the mining and exploration sectors. With her unique blend of skills and experience, Janet is well-equipped to guide companies through various stages of growth and development, ultimately helping them achieve their goals and objectives. Contact our team today to learn how we can help you take you in working on Indigenous lands.


          About the Author

          Janet Sheriff

          An innovative entrepreneur, Janet brings her extensive experience in all aspects of strategic planning, management, indigenous affairs and communications to start ups, new ventures and the mining & exploration sectors. Janet focuses her entrepreneurial spirit, leadership skills and vision to create new opportunities, award-winning innovative programs and new ways of conducting business. Her strong commitment to community engagement, sustainability and inclusion provides her the proven ability to work effectively and respectfully in cross-cultural environments.